To know more about fantasy, we may know more about conventional fantasy, we either choose to follow or challenge, but the basic plot is the frame for fantasy as I consider.
The website that is useful and detail:
The Seven Basic Plots
Christopher Booker’s The Seven Basic Plots is a long book. It’s on the order of War and Peace for thickness. It also gets a bit repetitive at times, but if you can slog through the material, you’re rewarded with a good understanding of the seven basic plots.
- overcoming the monster
there is a threat in the land and Hero is going to save the kingdom or his/her homeland, which is considered as monster, not an alien from outside the world, that is sci-fi.
e.g. Lord of the rings (more on the post Film research: Lord of the rings)
2. Rags to riches
This may be the feature of fantasy i have mentioned on the post Research: conventional features in Fantasy – A happy ending! Like Disney films, they tend to create a reunite ending in the family or a princess being bullied by step-mother finally met her prince.
They give audiences a conclusion, do not hang them there, which satisfy expectation of audiences. And it also delivers a message that good things come to good people.
Some of do challenge this rule though,
e.g. Into the wood, a dark fairy tale
3. the Quest
the process of being a real hero, to look for things he needs, always with the helper, and conquer different sorts of difficulties on the way; the villain tries to stop them.
4. Voyage and return
there are two situations might be referred to ‘Voyage’:
a) it can be Hero has already been in a magic world, but the evil is far away or the magic elements he needs is far so he has to travel
b) it can be Hero falls into a magic world, which is a priceless travel, a new world
Both of a) and b) shows the coming of age style so they grow after triumphs.
e.g. Alice in Wonderland (more on the post Film research: Alice in Wonderland)
Most of fantasy, they tend to have a positive protagonist, a Hero, and it comes to a happy ending.
the protagonist is the evil, and it is falling into dark slowly, then it ends up with the death of him/her as a happy ending.
It is a more optimistic form based on Tragedy, the evil is pulled out of the mire at the end.